Types of pelvic organ prolapse include the following:
- Cystocele (bladder prolapse) - occurs when the front of the vaginal wall weakens, allowing the bladder to herniate into the vagina.
- Enterocele (small bowel prolapse) - is a condition that occurs when the front and back vaginal walls separate, allowing the small bowel to press against or herniate into the vagina. This condition is more common following removal of the uterus (hysterectomy).
- Rectocele (rectum prolapse) - which also may be called proctocele, occurs when the back of the vaginal wall weakens and the rectum presses against or prolapses into the vagina. This condition may create a bulge that is more noticeable during a bowel movement.
- Uterine prolapse (prolapse of the uterus) - Weakening of the ligaments that support the top of the vagina (called the uterosacral ligaments) may cause the front and back of the vaginal walls to weaken as well, resulting in prolapse of the uterus (womb).
- Vaginal vault prolapse - The uterus, or womb, helps to support the top of the vagina. Following removal of the uterus (hysterectomy), the upper portion of the vagina (vaginal vault) may drop toward the vaginal opening.
Symptoms of vaginal prolapse vary, depending on the type.